Chess is a strategy board game played by two players on a chessboard and it is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is popular since the 15th century in Europe. Chess is an amazing game that requires technical knowledge and strategy.
In the game there is totally 16 pieces for each player: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. All of these pieces move differently.
The aim of the game is to ‘checkmate’ the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. A game may also result in a draw in several ways, where neither player wins. Queen is the most powerful piece and pawn is the least powerful piece in the game. Here are the names of pieces and their move details:
The pawn is the most basic piece in the game. You have 8 pieces of them. As a first move, it can go forward one or two spaces, but afterwards it is only allowed to move forward by one space. Pawns cannot move backwards and they are only allowed to attack other pieces if they are one space diagonally from it. They may seem minor, but they can be great for trapping an opponent when sacrificed to capture a more valuable piece.
The rook looks like a castle tower. It can move horizontally and vertically as many spaces as are available and can attack pieces on its path.
The knight looks like a horse and is the most complicated piece. It moves in a ‘L’ shapes that consist of two spaces horizontally then one space vertically, or one space horizontally then two spaces vertically, in any direction. The knight can jump other pieces and attacks the pieces that are in the spaces it settles. They are excellent for unexpected moves and attacks.
The bishop looks like a bishop’s hat. It can only move diagonally, but it can move an unlimited amount of spaces until it attacks.
The queen usually has a crown. She can move either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally by any number of spaces and attack from any of those directions.
The queen is the most skillful piece and the most useful one. It combines the power of a bishop and a rook and it is considered to be the most valuable.
If your king is under attack it means your king is in check and you must move out of check on your very next turn. You can move your King to a safe square where it is not be in check or you can capture the checking piece or you can block the check position with one of your pieces. If you cannot do any of these and cannot remove the check position it means “Checkmate” and the game is over and you have lost.
All the pawns are placed on the second line in front of you, each rook on a corner of your side of the board. Then, the knight next to each rook and a bishop next to each knight is located. Queen in one of the two spaces that remain, according to her color (black queen goes to the black square; white queen should go to the white square) and the King will be placed on the last remaining space.
The white player has the right to do the first move and also have the right to choose any piece to move to begin and opening the game.
The game is based on observe the opponent and guess what his plan is. This game is about assume your opponent’s move and develop your own strategy.